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asked Mar 19 in Engineering & Technology by anonymous

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answered Mar 19 by Dickson
The viscous forces in liquids are equivalent to friction forces in solids. The dynamic viscosity is involved in the relation between stress and strain tensors. The kinematic viscosity is equal to the ratio of the dynamic viscosity by the density. The kinematic viscosity is involved in the classical Navier Stokes equation governing the fluid motion. If you are particularly interested in the interaction between molecules that can be interpreted in terms of mechanical stress, the dynamic viscosity is more appropriate. Nevertheless, the kinematic viscosity is recommended when you are interested in fluid motion and velocity field. It can inform us about the propagation of the movement by friction
commented Mar 19 by (2,147m points)
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answered Mar 19 by Daniel
Viscosity is defined as a fluid’s resistance to flow, or the fluid’s resistance to deform when subjected to a force.

Kinematic viscosity is traditionally measured by noting the time taken for a fluid sample to travel through an orifice in a capillary under the force of gravity. The time taken is noted and converted into Kinematic Viscosity, reported in Centistoke units (cSt).

Dynamic Viscosity (cP) = Kinematic Viscosity (cSt) x Fluid Density (kg/m3)
commented Mar 19 by (2,147m points)
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answered Mar 19 by Leslie
First of all, viscosity is the resistance provided by one layer of a fluid to the other layer (layers in transverse direction to the velocity vector) when both are in motion relative to each other.

Now suppose two fluids with the same viscosity but different densities are allowed to fall freely under the action of gravity from the small diameter vertical tube. Certainly the fluid with higher density will fall more distance quickly, because of its higher weight (gravitational pull).

Again this time if we take those two fluids of different viscosities and allow them to fall through the tube, it becomes difficult for us to tell which fluid will fall more distance quickly.

This time both the viscosities and the density is different. So, to solve this problem we take the ratio of viscosity and density of a fluid and compare it. this ratio is known as kinematic viscosity.

The fluid with less kinematic viscosity will fall more distance quickly. Interestingly, the unit of kinematic viscosity is same as that of the acceleration. So the kinematic viscosity represents the negative acceleration offered to the flow.

 Kinematic viscosity is also known as the momentum diffusivity. This is the ratio of the viscous force to the inertia force. Inertia means the state in which the body wants to be (or you can say inertia is the tendency of the body to resist the change of its state). In the above example the tendency of the fluid in the tube is to fall freely under the action of gravity. So its inertia will try to oppose any force which opposes the free fall (or the inertia will try that the fluid keeps on flowing).

But the viscosity will resist the flow. So its the relative strength of inertia and viscosity which will decide the net acceleration of fluid. This relative strength of viscosity and inertia is represented by kinematic viscosity.
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