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asked Feb 12 in Science by (780 points)

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answered Feb 15 by anonymous
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Mineralogy is a subject of geology specializing in the scientific study of the chemistry, crystal structure, and physical properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts.It is also the scientific study of minerals. See here for some importance of mineralogy

Petrology is the branch of geology that studies rocks and the conditions under which they form. Petrology has three subdivisions: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary petrology.It is also the branch of science concerned with the origin, structure, and composition of rocks. Some importance of petrology are listed below:

  • Their minerals and global chemistry provide information about the composition of the Earth's crust and mantle. 
  • Their ages can be calculated by various methods of radiometric dating, and a time sequence of geological events can be put together.
  • Their features are usually characteristic of a specific tectonic environment, allowing scientists to reconstitute tectonic processes.
  • Many rocks host important ores that provide valuable raw materials that we rely on for our sustenance and technological development.

See here for more details on petrology 

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